Document Detail


Systematic reviews on tobacco control from Cochrane and the Community Guide: different methods, similar findings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20056382     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To compare the methods and findings of systematic reviews (SRs) on common tobacco control interventions from two organizations: the Cochrane Collaboration ("Cochrane") and the US Task Force for Community Preventive Services ("the Guide"). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Literature review. We retrieved all reviews pertaining to tobacco control produced by the Cochrane and the Guide. We identified seven common topics and compared methods and findings of the retrieved reviews. RESULTS: There was considerable variability in the designs of included studies and methods of data synthesis. On average, Cochrane identified more studies than did the Guide (Mean 43.7 vs. 19.0), with only limited overlap between sets of included studies. Most Cochrane reviews (71.4%) were synthesized narratively, whereas most Guide reviews (85.7%) were synthesized using a median of effect size. Despite these differences, findings of the reviews yielded substantial agreement. CONCLUSION: Cochrane and the Guide conduct SRs on similar tobacco control-related topics differently. The SRs of the two organizations include overlapping, but nonidentical sets, of studies. Still, they usually reach similar conclusions. Identification of all pertinent original studies seems to be a weak point in the SR process. Policy makers should use reviews from both organizations in formulating tobacco control policy.
Authors:
Laura J Rosen; Michal Ben Noach
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review     Date:  2010-01-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical epidemiology     Volume:  63     ISSN:  1878-5921     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-03     Completed Date:  2010-09-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801383     Medline TA:  J Clin Epidemiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  596-606     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel. Rosenl@post.tau.ac.il
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Clinical Trials as Topic
Evidence-Based Medicine
Health Policy*
Humans
Smoking / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Smoking Cessation* / methods,  statistics & numerical data
Tobacco Industry*
Tobacco Smoke Pollution / statistics & numerical data
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution

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