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Systematic identification of Lactobacillus plantarum auxotrophs for fermented Nham using genome-scale metabolic model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23010606     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this study, a systematic strategy is presented, which identifies auxotrophic starters for the popular Thai fermented sausage product, called Nham, using a genome-scale metabolic model. A published genome-scale model of L. plantarum WCFS1 is adopted for studying the L. plantarum BCC9546 characteristics cultured on Simulated Nham Broth. Single gene deletion analysis is performed to determine the genes essential for cell growth. Strains lacking such essential genes are considered potential auxotrophic mutants. Then, Metabolite Supplement Analysis is introduced to determine a list of metabolites supplements for each mutant required to restore its growth. Herein, 9 potential auxotrophs are proposed for use in Nham fermentation, along with their metabolite supplements. Simulation studies showed that the secreted fluxes of organic acids, as well as amino-derived flavor compounds of these auxotrophs, are similar to those of the wild-type, indicating that Nham fermented by these auxotrophs would have similar tastes and flavors as Nham fermented by the wild-type. These proposed auxotrophs and corresponding nutritional supplements will be useful for the design of auxotroph starter culture utilized for Nham production in the laboratory. The systematic strategy presented here will facilitate the analysis and development of auxotroph starters used in the food industry.
Authors:
Porntip Chiewchankaset; Yanee Srimarut; Amornpan Klanchui; Peter Kurdi; Vethachai Plengvidhya; Asawin Meechai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4863     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8411927     Medline TA:  J Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Program in Bioinformatics and Systems Biology, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, 126 Pracha Uthit Road, Bang Mod, Thung Khru, Bangkok 10140, Thailand. Electronic address: 51460006@st.sit.kmutt.ac.th.
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