Document Detail


Systematic underestimation of oxygen delivery in ventilated preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19955833     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicates that hyperoxia is a risk factor for bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a common multifactorial long-term complication of prematurity. To date, the equivalence between set and delivered oxygen (O(2)) in ventilated preterm infants has not been rigorously studied.
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis of systematic underestimation of O(2) delivery in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants during long-term ventilation.
METHODS: Actually achieved O(2) concentrations were measured and compared to the set inspired oxygen fraction (FiO(2)). A total of 108 O(2) measurements were carried out during the ventilation of 54 ELBW infants: O(2)-Delta error (i.e., the difference between O(2) concentrations achieved by the ventilator and set FiO(2)) was the main study outcome measure.
RESULTS: Systematic O(2)-Delta errors were found, with mean values of +9.52% (FiO(2) 0.21-0.40), +2.10 (FiO(2) 0.41-0.60), +2.86% (FiO(2) 0.61-0.80), and +0.016% (FiO(2) 0.81-1.0; p < 0.0001). Theoretical simulations from the observed data indicate that, if not corrected, systematic O2-Delta errors would lead to a non-intentional total O(2) load of 1,202.9 (FiO(2) 0.21-0.40), 252.46 (FiO(2) 0.41-0.60), 342.85 (FiO(2) 0.61-0.80), and 2 (FiO(2) 0.81-1.0) extra liters/kg body weight/100 ventilation hours.
CONCLUSIONS: Systematic underestimation of the O(2) delivered by infant ventilators can potentially lead to surprisingly large increases in total O(2) load during long-term ventilation of ELBW infants, especially in the lower FiO(2) range (i.e., 0.21-0.40). Underestimation of true O(2) delivery can potentially lead to unrecognized high O(2) loads, and more pronounced and prolonged hyperoxia.
Authors:
Claudio De Felice; Stefano Bechelli; Gabriele Tonni; Giuseppe Latini; Georg Hansmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-12-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neonatology     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1661-7819     ISO Abbreviation:  Neonatology     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-30     Completed Date:  2010-10-14     Revised Date:  2014-07-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101286577     Medline TA:  Neonatology     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  18-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Female
Humans
Hyperoxia / blood*,  etiology*
Infant
Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight / blood*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / blood*
Male
Oxidative Stress
Oxygen / blood*
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy / adverse effects
Respiration, Artificial / adverse effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
S88TT14065/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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