Document Detail


Systematic studies of modified vocalization: effects of speech rate and instatement style during metronome stimulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20699345     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: This study introduces a series of systematic investigations intended to clarify the parameters of the fluency-inducing conditions (FICs) in stuttering.
METHOD: Participants included 11 adults, aged 20-63 years, with typical speech-production skills. A repeated measures design was used to examine the relationships between several speech production variables (vowel duration, voice onset time, fundamental frequency, intraoral pressure, pressure rise time, transglottal airflow, and phonated intervals) and speech rate and instatement style during metronome-entrained rhythmic speech.
RESULTS: Measures of duration (vowel duration, voice onset time, and pressure rise time) differed across different metronome conditions. When speech rates were matched between the control condition and metronome condition, voice onset time was the only variable that changed.
CONCLUSION: Results confirm that speech rate and instatement style can influence speech production variables during the production of fluency-inducing conditions. Future studies of normally fluent speech and of stuttered speech must control both features and should further explore the importance of voice onset time, which may be influenced by rate during metronome stimulation in a way that the other variables are not.
Authors:
Jason H Davidow; Anne K Bothe; Jessica D Richardson; Richard D Andreatta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-08-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR     Volume:  53     ISSN:  1558-9102     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705610     Medline TA:  J Speech Lang Hear Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1579-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY 11549, USA. jason.davidow@hofstra.edu
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