Document Detail


Synthesis and intestinal transport of the iron chelator maltosine in free and dipeptide form.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21216287     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Maltosine, a 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinone derivative of lysine formed in the course of the advanced Maillard reaction, is an effective metal chelating agent. It therefore represents an interesting compound for the treatment of metal ion storage diseases. We synthesized 6-(3-hydroxy-4-oxo-2-methyl-4(1H)-pyridin-1-yl)-l-norleucine (free maltosine) and its dipeptide derivatives alanylmaltosine (Ala-Mal) and maltosinylalanine (Mal-Ala) and examined the transepithelial flux of these compounds across Caco-2 cells and their interaction with membrane transporters. Transepithelial flux of maltosine was significantly higher when added as Ala-Mal and Mal-Ala than in free form. Assays at Caco-2 cells and at HeLa cells expressing the human peptide transporter (hPEPT)1 revealed that Ala-Mal and Mal-Ala show medium to high affinity to the system. Only free but not peptide-bound maltosine inhibited the uptake of l-[(3)H]lysine in Caco-2 and OK cells. Maltosine dipeptides were transported by hPEPT1 across cell membranes and accumulated in hPEPT1-transfected HeLa cells. In electrophysiological measurements at hPEPT1-expressing Xenopus laevis oocytes, Ala-Mal and Mal-Ala induced significant inward directed currents. We conclude that Ala-Mal and Mal-Ala are transported by hPEPT1 into intestinal cells and then hydrolyzed to free maltosine and alanine. The results suggest that the oral bioavailability of maltosine can be increased significantly by applying this drug candidate in peptide-bound form.
Authors:
Stefanie Geissler; Michael Hellwig; Fritz Markwardt; Thomas Henle; Matthias Brandsch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-3441     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109778     Medline TA:  Eur J Pharm Biopharm     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Biozentrum of the Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany.
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