Document Detail

Synthesis and interfacing of biocompatible iron oxide nanoparticles through the ferroxidase activity of Helicobacter Pylori ferritin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23013844     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Ferritin is an iron storage protein that is often used to coat metallic nanoparticles, such as iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs). However, the synthesis and biocompatibility of ferritin-coated IONPs remain unclear. Therefore, this study reports the synthesis of a ferritin gene cloned and expressed from Helicobacter pylori (HPFn). The ferroxidase activity of the synthase HPFn was used for the de novo synthesis of HPFn-coated IONPs under mild conditions. Gel filtration chromatography and transmission electron microscopy analyses demonstrated that the core-shell structure of both the 5.0 nm IONP nanocore and the 12.4 nm HPFn shell were correctly assembled. The cellular uptake of mouse macrophage cells (RAW 264.7 cells) has shown that only a few HPFn-coated IONPs (3%) were taken up after 24 h of incubation. This study compares the biocompatibility of HPFn-coated IONPs, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) and ferric salt (ferric ammonium citrate) in respect to cell growth inhibition, reactive oxygen species generation and pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α release. Assessment results showed that the responses elicited by HPFn-coated IONPs were similar to those elicited by SPIO treatment but milder than those elicited by ferric salt treatment. This accounts for the notion that ferritin-coated IONPs are biocompatible iron agents. These findings show that the ferroxidase activity of ferritin can be used to synthesize biocompatible IONPs. The favorable properties of HPFn-coated IONPs suggest that they can be used as a non-macrophage contrast agent through further surface conjugation.
I-Liang Lee; Pei-Shan Li; Wei-Lin Yu; Hsin-Hsin Shen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biofabrication     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1758-5090     ISO Abbreviation:  Biofabrication     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101521964     Medline TA:  Biofabrication     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  045001     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Biological Science and Technology, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan.
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