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Synthesis of a citrulline-rich cyanophycin by use of Pseudomonas putida ATCC 4359.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21455592     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Synthesis of cyanophycin (multi-L: -arginyl-poly-L: -aspartic acid, CGP) in recombinant organisms is an important option to obtain sufficiently large amounts of this polymer with a designed composition for use as putative precursors for biodegradable technically interesting chemicals. Therefore, derivates of CGP, harbouring a wider range of constituents, are of particular interest. As shown previously, cyanophycin synthetases with wide substrate ranges incorporate other amino acids than arginine. Therefore, using an organism, which produces the required supplement by itself, was the next logical step. Former studies showed that Pseudomonas putida strain ATCC 4359 is able to produce large amounts of L: -citrulline from L: -arginine. By expressing the cyanophycin synthetase of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6308, synthesis of CGP was observed in P. putida ATCC 4359. Using an optimised medium for cultivation, the strain was able to synthesise insoluble CGP amounting up to 14.7 ± 0.7% (w/w) and soluble CGP amounting up to 28.7 ± 0.8% (w/w) of the cell dry matter, resulting in a total CGP content of the cells of 43.4% (w/w). HPLC analysis of the soluble CGP showed that it was composed of 50.4 ± 1.3 mol % aspartic acid, 32.7 ± 2.8 mol % arginine, 8.7 ± 1.6 mol % citrulline and 8.3 ± 0.4 mol % lysine, whereas the insoluble CGP contained less than 1 mol % of citrulline. Using a mineral salt medium with 1.25 or 2% (w/v) sodium succinate, respectively, plus 23.7 mM L: -arginine, the cells synthesised insoluble CGP amounting up to 25% to 29% of the CDM with only a very low citrulline content.
Authors:
Lars Wiefel; Anna Bröker; Alexander Steinbüchel
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied microbiology and biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0614     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406612     Medline TA:  Appl Microbiol Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institut für Molekulare Mikrobiologie und Biotechnologie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster, Corrensstraße 3, 48149, Münster, Germany.
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