Document Detail

Synthesis and characterization of a structured lipid from amaranth oil as a partial fat substitute in milk-based infant formula.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19586027     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to use enzymatic interesterification techniques to modify underutilized amaranth oil as a structured lipid (SL) by increasing its palmitic acid content at the sn-2 position and incorporating docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). This SL can be partially or complementarily used in milk-based infant formulas to deliver a lipid component similar to that in breast milk. Amaranth oil was modified by enzymatic interesterification in two stages. First, the palmitic acid content was increased specifically at the sn-2 position to resemble breast milk triacylglycerols (TAGs) using Novozym 435 lipase. Then DHA was incorporated, mainly at the sn-1,3 positions using Lipozyme RM IM, a sn-1,3 specific lipase. An optimization model was developed to determine the exact parameter combinations to incorporate a specific amount of DHA (1.0-2.5%). The model suggestions were used for a gram-scale interesterification to yield the expected product. The final SL composition was as follows: palmitic acid, 33.9%; stearic acid, 2.8%; oleic acid, 23.3%; linoleic acid, 37.3%; linolenic acid, 0.7%; and docosahexaenoic acid, 1.9%. The original amaranth oil and the final SL were characterized by determining the fatty acid composition, melting profile, chemical characteristics, oxidative stability (peroxide, p-anisidine, and total oxidation values), and phytosterol, tocopherol, and squalene contents. The physical and chemical characteristics determined in this study support the potential application of DHA-containing customized amaranth oil (DCAO) as a partial fat substitute or complement for milk-based infant formula. Research on the application and stability of this SL used in an infant formula is being conducted.
Ashanty M Pina-Rodriguez; Casimir C Akoh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1520-5118     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-02     Completed Date:  2009-11-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6748-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602-2610, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Amaranthus / chemistry*
Fat Substitutes / chemical synthesis,  chemistry*
Infant Formula / chemical synthesis,  chemistry*
Infant, Newborn
Plant Oils / chemical synthesis,  chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fat Substitutes; 0/Plant Oils

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