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Synergy of IL-27 and TNF-α in regulating CXCL10 expression in lung fibroblasts: implications in airway inflammation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23333920     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
IL-27 is involved in inflammatory reactions. CXCL10 is an important chemokine contributing to airway inflammatory diseases. In this study, we investigated whether IL-27 modulated the synthesis of CXCL10 in primary human lung fibroblasts (HLF). HLF were activated by IL-27 alone, or in combination with other cytokines. CXCL10 synthesis was measured by real-time PCR and ELISA. Examination of transcriptional regulation was performed via transient transfection of promoter constructs, whereas mRNA stability was assessed by actinomycin D chase and real-time PCR. The underlying signaling pathways were studied by Western blot and intracellular staining using flow cytometry. Our results demonstrated that IL-27 induced and synergized with TNF-α to upregulate CXCL10 mRNA and protein levels in a steroid-insensitive manner. This synergistic CXCL10 production was dependent on transcriptional regulation of CXCL10 gene promoter activity and the enhanced stability of CXCL10 mRNA by IL-27 and TNF-α, and this synergism was regulated by the activation of p38 MAPK and PI3K-Akt dominantly and in a little part via NF-kB. Interestingly, IL-27 promoted basal and enhanced TNF-α-induced phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and Akt, but not IkBα. Besides, the enhanced CXCL10 mRNA stability occurred via a p38 MAPK-dependent pathway. Finally, clinical analysis showed that IL-27 was detected in BAL of patients with asthma, COPD, and PTB, and the increased IL-27 levels was correlated with the increased CXCL10 levels in patients with COPD and PTB. Our findings suggest that IL-27 has the potential to amplify airway inflammation via the induction of CXCL10 from HLF in combination with TNF-α.
Authors:
Shanshan Dong; Xuemei Zhang; Yujuan He; Fang Xu; Dairong Li; Wenchun Xu; Hong Wang; Yibing Yin; Ju Cao
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1535-4989     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8917225     Medline TA:  Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Diagnostic Medicine designated by the Ministry of Education, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.
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