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The Synergistic Effect of Beta-boswellic acid and Nurr1 Overexpression on Dopaminergic Programming of Antioxidant Glutathione Peroxidase-1-Expressing Murine Embryonic Stem Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22800564     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder in which the nigro-striatal dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons have been selectively lost. Due to side effects of levodopa, a dopamine precursor drug, recently cell replacement therapy for PD has been considered. Lack of sufficient amounts of, embryos and ethical problems regarding the use of dopamine-rich embryonic neural cells have limited the application of these cells for PD cell therapy. Therefore, many investigators have focused on using the pluripotent stem cells to generate DAergic neurons. This study is aimed first to establish a mouse embryonic stem (mES) cell line that can stably co-expressed Nurr1 transcription factor in order to efficiently generate DAergic neurons, and glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPX-1) to protect the differentiated DAergic-like cells against oxidative stress. In addition to genetic engineering of ES cells, the effect of Beta-boswellic acid (BBA) on DAergic differentiation course of mES cells was sought in the present study. To that end, the feeder-independent CGR8 mouse embryonic stem cells were transduced by Nurr1- and GPX-1-harbouring Lentiviruses and the generated Nurr1/GPX-1-expresssing ES clones were characterized and verified. Gene expression analyses demonstrated that BBA treatment and overexpression of Nurr1 has a synergistic effect on derivation of DAergic neurons from Nurr1/GPX-1-expressing ES cells. The differentiated cells could exclusively synthesize and secret dopamine in response to stimuli. Overexpression of GPX-1 in genetically engineered Nurr1/GPX-1-ES cells increased the viability of these cells during their differentiation into CNS stem cells. In conclusion, the results demonstrated that Nurr1-overexpressing feeder-independent ES cells like the feeder-dependent ES cells, can be efficiently programmed into functional DAergic neurons and additional treatment of cells by BBA can even augment this efficiency. GPX-1 overexpression in Nurr1/GPX-1-ES cells increases the viability of differentiated CNS stem-like cells. The result of this study may have impact on future stem cell therapy of PD.
Authors:
Mozhgan Abasi; Mohammad Massumi; Gholamhosein Riazi; Hossein Amini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroscience     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-7544     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605074     Medline TA:  Neuroscience     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Division of Medical Biotechnology, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran.
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