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Synergistic Bcl-2 inhibition by ABT-737 and cyclosporine A.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23208368     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Survival of lymphocytes and melanocyte stem cells critically depends on B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2). In T lymphocytes, a basal calcineurin activity maintains Bcl-2 expression in naïve cells, and the activation of the calcineurin pathway orchestrates the regulation of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway after antigen recognition. Therefore, calcineurin inhibitors might potentiate the pro-apoptotic effect of pharmacological Bcl-2 inhibitors on lymphatic cells. In vitro, a reduced Bcl-2 expression in lymphocytes exposed to calcineurin inhibitors increased their sensitivity to the small molecule Bcl-2 inhibitor ABT-737. This correlated with an augmented pro-apoptotic activity of ABT-737 on lymphocytes in combination with cyclosporine A in naïve mice in vivo. Interestingly, similar processes were observed in melanocytes. ABT-737 induced a fur depigmentation at the site of injection, and this effect was expanded to a generalized depigmentation in combination with cyclosporine A. Thus, inhibiting calcineurin increases the pro-apoptotic potency of ABT-737 in cells depending on Bcl-2 for survival. The increased efficacy of Bcl-2 inhibitors in combination with cyclosporine A might be relevant to exploit their anti-neoplastic and immuno-modulatory properties.
Authors:
Pietro E Cippà; Jivko Kamarashev; Jin Chen; Anna K Kraus; Stephan Segerer; Laurence Feldmeyer; Thomas Fehr
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-675X     ISO Abbreviation:  Apoptosis     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712129     Medline TA:  Apoptosis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute of Physiology, University of Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland.
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