Document Detail

Synergism of cytotoxicity between cis-diaminedichloro-platinum-(ii) and cis-diamine(1,1-cyclobutanedicarboxylate)-platinum-(ii).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21566928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
In an attempts to increase the antitumor effect and to reduce normal tissue toxicity, the combined cytotoxic effect of cis-Diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (CDDP) and cis-diammine(1,1-cyclobutane dicarboxylate) platinum (II) (CBDCA) was investigated using HeLa and colon 26 cell lines and the combination index (CI). Cytotoxicity of the combination of CDDP and CBDCA on 27 surgically resected specimens of human gastric and colorectal adenocarcinomas was also evaluated using the in vitro succinate dehydrogenase inhibition (SDI) test. The CI values varied with the dose ratio examined (1:1-1:6) of CDDP and CBDCA, with findings that CI<1, synergy, was obtained at fraction affected (Fa)>0.75 for HeLa cells and at Fa<0.9 for colon 26 cells in cases of a dose ratio of 1:1 to 1:2. Of all 27 clinical human adenocarcinomas, the succinate dehydrogenase (SD) activity was significantly lower in cancer cells concomitantly exposed to both CDDP and CBDCA than in those exposed to either drug alone. These positive effects of a combination of two platinum analogues on human malignant tissues have heretofore not been reported, which would warrant the clinical application of this combination for human malignant tumors.
H Baba; Y Maehara; H Takeuchi; S Inutsuka; M Yamamoto; K Endo; K Sugimachi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of oncology     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1019-6439     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Oncol.     Publication Date:  1994 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9306042     Medline TA:  Int J Oncol     Country:  Greece    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  329-33     Citation Subset:  -    
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