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Symptomatic spinal epidural lipomatosis with severe obesity at a young age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21667917     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Symptomatic spinal epidural lipomatosis is a rare disorder characterized by overgrowth of fat in the extradural space. Most patients have an underlying endocrine disorder, such as Cushing's syndrome, or have taken exogenous steroids chronically. Although less common, obesity alone is thought to be a cause of spinal epidural lipomatosis, representing <25% of reported cases. Patients rarely become symptomatic before middle age without chronic exogenous steroid use. The usual clinical manifestations are similar to degenerative lumbar stenosis with neurogenic claudication, resulting in decreased walking and standing endurance with variable neurological deficits.This article describes 2 unique cases of spinal epidural lipomatosis, both in young patients with underlying morbid obesity who presented with acute progressive leg weakness and urinary retention. The patients had no underlying endocrinopathy, nor any history of exogenous steroid use. They underwent emergency laminectomy and removal of epidural fat, and histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of epidural lipomatosis. Postoperatively, the patients demonstrated significant improvement.We conducted a review of the available English literature and compared the age distribution in each group. Based on our review, our 2 patients are considerably younger than those in past reports, especially in the patient group to which the steroid was not administered. In addition, few cases exist of spinal epidural lipomatosis with acute sphincter dysfunction and paraparesis. Our cases suggest that morbid obesity can lead to juvenile spinal epidural lipomatosis with acute neurological changes.
Authors:
Tetsuro Ohba; Toshiki Saito; Nobuchika Kawasaki; Shingo Maekawa; Hirotaka Haro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-06-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Orthopedics     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1938-2367     ISO Abbreviation:  Orthopedics     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806107     Medline TA:  Orthopedics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e233-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2011, SLACK Incorporated.
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