Document Detail


Symptom-limited exercise testing causes sustained diastolic dysfunction in patients with coronary disease and low effort tolerance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2016441     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exercise stress testing is routinely used for the noninvasive assessment of coronary artery disease and is considered a safe procedure. However, the provocation of severe ischemia might potentially cause delayed recovery of myocardial function. To investigate the possibility that maximal exercise testing could induce prolonged impairment of left ventricular function, 15 patients with angiographically proved coronary disease and 9 age-matched control subjects with atypical chest pain and normal coronary arteries were studied. Radionuclide ventriculography was performed at rest, at peak exercise, during recovery and 2 and 7 days after exercise. Ejection fraction, peak filling and peak emptying rates and left ventricular wall motion were analyzed. All control subjects had a normal exercise test at maximal work loads and improved left ventricular function on exercise. Patients developed 1 mm ST depression at 217 +/- 161 s at a work load of 70 +/- 30 W and a rate-pressure product of 18,530 +/- 4,465 mm Hg x beats/min. Although exercise was discontinued when angina or equivalent symptoms occurred, in all patients diagnostic ST depression (greater than or equal to 1 mm) developed much earlier than symptoms. Predictably, at peak exercise patients showed a decrease in ejection fraction and peak emptying and filling rates. Ejection fraction and peak emptying rate normalized within the recovery period, whereas peak filling rate remained depressed throughout recovery (p less than 0.002) and was still reduced 2 days after exercise (p less than 0.02). In conclusion, in patients with severe impairement of coronary flow reserve, maximal exercise may cause sustained impairement of diastolic function.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
G Fragasso; R Benti; M Sciammarella; E Rossetti; A Savi; P Gerundini; S L Chierchia
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1991 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-05-23     Completed Date:  1991-05-23     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1251-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Istituto Scientifico H San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Angina Pectoris / diagnosis,  physiopathology
Coronary Circulation
Coronary Disease / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Diastole
Electrocardiography
Exercise Test / adverse effects*
Heart / physiopathology*,  radionuclide imaging
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Physical Endurance*
Radionuclide Ventriculography
Rest

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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