Document Detail

Sympathetic modulation of radial artery compliance in congestive heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7635545     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Animal studies have suggested that arterial compliance can be modulated by adrenergic influences. Whether this adrenergic modulation also occurs in humans is still a matter of debate. In the present article we address this issue by examining the relationships between sympathetic tone and arterial compliance in a variety of physiological and pathophysiological conditions. We have found that cigarette smoking, ie, an action that produces a marked sympathetic activation, causes a significant reduction in radial artery compliance, as measured by an echotracking device capable of providing continuous beat-to-beat evaluation of this hemodynamic variable. When expressed as compliance index, ie, as the ratio between the area under the compliance-pressure curve and pulse pressure, the reduction amounted to 35.7 +/- 4.8% (mean +/- SEM) and was independent of the smoking-related blood pressure increase. Furthermore, pharmacological stimulation of adrenergic receptors located in the arterial wall was also shown to affect arterial compliance because the radial artery compliance index was markedly reduced (- 29.5 +/- 3.9%) during phenylephrine infusion in the brachial artery at doses devoid of any systemic blood pressure effect. Evidence was also obtained that the relationship between sympathetic activation and arterial compliance has pathophysiological relevance, because in 17 patients with congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association classes II through IV) there was a significant inverse correlation (r = .62, P < .01) between muscle sympathetic nerve activity (directly measured by microneurography in the peroneal nerve) and radial artery compliance.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
G Grassi; C Giannattasio; M Failla; A Pesenti; G Peretti; E Marinoni; N Fraschini; S Vailati; G Mancia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0194-911X     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertension     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-09-13     Completed Date:  1995-09-13     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906255     Medline TA:  Hypertension     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  348-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cattedra di Medicina Interna I, Università di Milano, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Compliance / drug effects
Heart Failure / physiopathology*
Hypertension / physiopathology
Papaverine / pharmacology
Phenylephrine / pharmacology
Radial Artery / innervation,  physiopathology*
Sympathetic Nervous System / physiopathology*
Reg. No./Substance:
58-74-2/Papaverine; 59-42-7/Phenylephrine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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