Document Detail

Sydenham chorea: a case report and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17228216     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sydenham chorea (SC) is the neurological manifestation of rheumatic fever and is the most common acquired chorea in children. The disease presents as choreiform movements and behavioral changes after a streptoccocal throat infection. Although the incidence of SC has diminished because of aggressive antibiotic treatment, both isolated cases and epidemics persist, necessitating emergency physicians to be familiar with the disease. We describe the case of a 9-year-old girl with SC. A discussion of the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and management of SC in the emergency department follows.
Scott G Weiner; Patricia A Normandin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric emergency care     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1535-1815     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Emerg Care     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-17     Completed Date:  2007-02-22     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8507560     Medline TA:  Pediatr Emerg Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  20-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Emergency Medicine, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Chlorpromazine / therapeutic use
Chorea / diagnosis*,  drug therapy,  etiology*,  physiopathology
Diagnosis, Differential
Dopamine Antagonists / therapeutic use
Drug Therapy, Combination
Emergency Service, Hospital
Penicillin G Benzathine / therapeutic use
Rheumatic Fever / complications*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0/Dopamine Antagonists; 1538-09-6/Penicillin G Benzathine; 50-53-3/Chlorpromazine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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