Document Detail

Swimming overuse injuries associated with triathlon training.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23147088     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Most triathlon overuse injuries occur due to the running and cycling aspects of the sport. By nature of swimming being a non-weight-bearing sport, triathletes have a tendency to use swimming for rehabilitation and recovery. Swimming has a significantly lower injury rate than the other 2 disciplines in a triathlon. Most triathletes use the freestyle stroke, because it is typically the first stroke learned, it is for many the fastest stroke, and by lifting the head the freestyle stroke allows triathletes to sight their direction, which is important in open water swimming. During the freestyle stroke, the shoulder undergoes repetitive overhead motion, and shoulder pain is the most common and well-documented site of musculoskeletal pain in competitive swimmers. It is felt that the pathologic process is attributable to repetitive overhead motion causing microtrauma in the shoulder from either mechanical impingement or generalized laxity or both. Without sufficient rest and recovery, the development of inflammation and pain may result. Depending on the age of the triathlete and the exact etiology of the shoulder pain, treatment options range from nonsurgical to surgical in nature.
James Bales; Karrn Bales
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sports medicine and arthroscopy review     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1538-1951     ISO Abbreviation:  Sports Med Arthrosc     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9315689     Medline TA:  Sports Med Arthrosc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  196-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
*US Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, CO †JKB Medical Exams, Monument, CO.
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