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Swainsonine promotes apoptosis in human oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo through activation of mitochondrial pathway.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23151791     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Swainsonine, a natural indolizidine alkaloid, has been reported to have antitumour effects, and can induce apoptosis in human gastric and lung cancer cells. In the present study, we evaluated the antitumour effects of swainsonine on several oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells and investigated relative molecular mechanisms. Swainsonine treatment inhibited the growth of Eca-109, TE-1 and TE-10 cells in a concentration-dependent manner as measured by MTT assay. Morphological observation, DNA laddering detection and flow cytometry analysis demonstrated that swainsonine treatment induced Eca-109 cell apoptosis in vitro. Further results showed that swainsonine treatment up-regulated Bax, downregulated Bcl-2 expression, triggered Bax translocation to mitochondria, destructed mitochondria integrity and activated mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathway, followed by the release of cytochrome c, which in turn activated caspase-9 and caspase-3, promoted the cleavage of PARP, resulting in Eca-109 cell apoptosis. Moreover, swainsonine treatment inhibited Bcl-2 expression, promoted Bax translocation, cytochrome c release and caspase-3 activation in xenograft tumour cells, resulting in a significant decrease of tumour volume and tumour weight in the swainsoninetreated xenograft mice groups compared with that in the control group. Taken together, this study demonstrated that swainsonine inhibited Eca-109 cells growth through activation of mitochondria-mediated caspase-dependent pathway.
Authors:
Zhaocal Li; Yong Huang; Feng Dong; Wei Li; Li Ding; Gaoshui Yu; Dan Xu; Yuanyuan Yang; Xingang Xu; Dewen Tong
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biosciences     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0973-7138     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biosci.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8100809     Medline TA:  J Biosci     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1005-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, P.R. China.
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