Document Detail

Sustained attention in patients with mild traumatic brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15759534     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that two tests of sustained attention were sensitive to attention deficits in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study recruiting 51 patients with TBI and 51 matched controls. OUTCOME MEASURES: The Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART) and Monotone Counting Test. RESULTS: The patient groups performed significantly worse than the normal controls in both sustained attention tests. The SART performance was also correlated with pathology severity in the patient group in terms of loss of consciousness (r = 0.247, p = 0.05). A cut-off of less than 1 standard deviation (SD) gives optimal diagnostic information in terms of sensitivity in the present sample (0.61 for Monotone Counting Test; 0.75 for SART). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the SART and Monotone Counting Test are sensitive to patients with mild TBI. The SART-assessed sustained attention is also sensitive enough to detect attention impairment in this clinical group regardless of diagnosis and may provide clinicians with an alternative method of assessing sustained attention in these clinical groups.
R C K Chan
Related Documents :
1459884 - Aerps and clinical evolution of thought disorders over five years.
8719024 - Detecting the malingering of cognitive deficits: an update.
22884274 - Human-lamb bonding: oxytocin, cortisol and behavioural responses of lambs to human cont...
7711164 - Relationship between smooth pursuit eye-tracking and cognitive performance in schizophr...
7791164 - Comparative evaluation of adsorption with e. coli on elisa tests for lyme borreliosis.
6545094 - Pupillometer for use during anaesthesia.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rehabilitation     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0269-2155     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Rehabil     Publication Date:  2005 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-11     Completed Date:  2005-05-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802181     Medline TA:  Clin Rehabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  188-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, Department of Psychology, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Brain Injuries / classification*,  physiopathology
Case-Control Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Neuropsychological Tests*
Sensitivity and Specificity
Severity of Illness Index

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Measuring energy expenditure using heart rate to assess the effects of wheelchair tyre pressure.
Next Document:  Improving patient and carer communication, multidisciplinary team working and goal-setting in stroke...