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Susceptibility-weighted angiography (SWAN) of cerebral veins and arteries compared to TOF-MRA.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21466929     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PROBLEM: High resolution, non-contrast imaging of both cerebral veins and arteries by use of gradient echo T2 star weighted angiography (SWAN) is a new method for susceptibility-weighted imaging with short acquisition times. We assessed the potential of this sequence for the depiction of both cerebral veins and arteries. METHODS: 15 healthy volunteers were included in the study. MRI was performed on a 3T MR scanner using the following sequences: (1) a 3D multi-echo gradient echo T2 star weighted angiography (SWAN), (2) an arterial 3D TOF MR angiography and (3) a venous 2D TOF. With regard to the SWAN sequence, both MinIP and MIP images were reconstructed and systematically compared to MIP reconstructions of the artTOF and the venTOF. To suggest possible clinical implications of our findings, we additionally included two illustrative cases. RESULTS: With regard to the visualization of the cerebral veins, the MinIP reconstructions of the SWAN sequence were considerably superior compared to the venTOF. Concerning the depiction of the main segments of the big cerebral arteries the value of the MIP reconstructions of the SWAN was comparable to that of the artTOF with limitations in the homogenity and in the depiction of smaller arteries. CONCLUSIONS: SWAN allows for high-resolution visualization of both cerebral veins and arteries in one sequence without application of contrast agent and with significantly shortened scan time compared to the combined scan time of TOF-MRA and TOF-MRV. By use of either MinIP or MIP reconstructions, the arteries can be distinguished from the veins.
T Boeckh-Behrens; J Lutz; N Lummel; M Burke; T Wesemann; V Schöpf; H Brückmann; J Linn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7727     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106411     Medline TA:  Eur J Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Neuroradiology, University Hospital Munich, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377 München, Germany.
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