Document Detail

Survivors of suicide do grieve differently: empirical support for a common sense proposition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10531638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Previous empirical investigations have produced mixed results on the question of whether mode of death differentially affects grief. To further investigate the influence of suicide on grief, 350 previously bereaved university students completed a questionnaire package consisting of several standardized measures. Participants were separated into four groups based on the mode of death experienced as either survivors of suicide (n = 34), accident (n = 57), unanticipated natural (n = 102), or anticipated natural (n = 157) deaths. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that suicide survivors, compared against the other groups, experienced more frequent feelings of rejection, responsibility, "unique" reactions, and more total grief reactions. Trends indicating increased levels of shame and perceived stigmatization were also evident. Aggregate factors of death "naturalness" and "expectedness" showed less influence than mode of death in influencing grief. Overall, results support previous clinical and research findings and intuitive logic in demonstrating that the grief experienced by suicide survivors includes elements that are less frequently seen in the case of nonsuicidal deaths.
S E Bailley; M J Kral; K Dunham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Suicide & life-threatening behavior     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0363-0234     ISO Abbreviation:  Suicide Life Threat Behav     Publication Date:  1999  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-09     Completed Date:  2000-03-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7608054     Medline TA:  Suicide Life Threat Behav     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  256-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas-Houston Health Science Center, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Attitude to Death*
Cause of Death
Chi-Square Distribution
Family / psychology
Life Change Events*
Middle Aged
Psychometrics / standards
Regression Analysis
Reproducibility of Results
Retrospective Studies
Suicide / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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