Document Detail


Survivor function estimators under group sequential monitoring based on the logrank statistic.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12735495     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this paper we investigate a group sequential analysis of censored survival data with staggered entry, in which the trial is monitored using the logrank test while comparisons of treatment and control Kaplan-Meier curves at various time points are performed at the end of the trial. We concentrate on two-sample tests under local alternatives. We describe the relationship of the asymptotic bias of Kaplan-Meier curves between the two groups. We show that even if the asymptotic bias of the Kaplan-Meier curve is negligible relative to the true survival, this is not the case for the difference between the curves of the two arms of the trial. A corrected estimator for the difference between the survival curves is presented and by simulations we show that the corrected estimator reduced the bias dramatically and has a smaller variance. The methods of estimation are applied to the Beta-Blocker Heart Attack Trial (1982), a well-known group sequential trial.
Authors:
Malka Gorfine
Related Documents :
15301695 - An analysis of using entomopathogenic nematodes against above-ground pests.
3427175 - Nonparametric estimation of duration of accrual and total study length for clinical tri...
12921395 - A likelihood-based, counterfactual approach to accounting for treatment failures in cli...
7997715 - A unified method for monitoring and analysing controlled trials.
6338695 - A method for the rapid assessment of sample size in dietary studies.
1789775 - A mathematical study of simple exponential modelling in biochemical processes.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lifetime data analysis     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1380-7870     ISO Abbreviation:  Lifetime Data Anal     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-05-08     Completed Date:  2003-05-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9516348     Medline TA:  Lifetime Data Anal     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  175-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave. N. MP1002, PO Box 19024, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA. mgorfine@whi.org
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / therapeutic use
Bias (Epidemiology)
Clinical Trials as Topic / statistics & numerical data
Computer Simulation
Humans
Myocardial Infarction / drug therapy,  mortality,  prevention & control
Proportional Hazards Models*
Survival Analysis*
Time
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic beta-Antagonists

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  A discrete-time multilevel mixture model for event history data with long-term survivors, with an ap...
Next Document:  Mixed discrete and continuous Cox regression model.