Document Detail

Survival and morbidity in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12626827     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We report the morbidity and mortality in extremely low birth weight neonates (ELBW) from a tertiary care hospital over seven years (1994-2000). Data regarding maternal and neonatal details was obtained from old records, computer database and medical files. Of the 12,807 live births during this period, 137 (1.07%) were ELBW infants. All of them were managed without surfactant. Overall, 67 infants (48.7%) survived to discharge. The most commonly encountered morbidities were hyperbilirubinemia(65%), respiratory distress(65%), sepsis(52%), intraventricular hemorrhage(29%), pneumonia (25%) and retinopathy of prematurity(24%). Need for resuscitation, pulmonary hemorrhage, seizures, acute renal failure, sclerema and air leak syndromes were significantly associated with mortality. Sepsis accounted for 41% of all deaths while immaturity was the second most important cause, accounting for 24% deaths. The average length of stay for survivors was 49 days (SD +/- 15.9 days)
Shankar Narayan; Rajiv Aggarwal; Amit Upadhyay; Ashok K Deorari; Meharban Singh; Vinod K Paul
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian pediatrics     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0019-6061     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian Pediatr     Publication Date:  2003 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-10     Completed Date:  2003-04-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985062R     Medline TA:  Indian Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  130-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India.
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MeSH Terms
India / epidemiology
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight*

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