Document Detail

The Survival Role of Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor Gamma Induces Odontoblast Differentiation against Oxidative Stress in Human Dental Pulp Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23321237     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
INTRODUCTION: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) has well-known anti-inflammatory action in human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the anti-inflammatory action of PPARγ involves in cellular cytoprotection and supports odontoblast differentiation under oxidative stress in HDPCs.
METHODS: To simulate long-term oxidative stress, pulp cells were treated with 150 μmol hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) for 12 days. The replication deficiency adenovirus (adenovirus PPARγ) was introduced for PPARγ overexpression in pulp cells. The cellular cytotoxicity and reactive oxygen species formation by H(2)O(2) were determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate with fluorescence-activated cell sorting assay. To determine the roles of PPARγ, several molecules of odontogenic/osteogenic and signal pathway were analyzed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western hybridization. Dentin mineralization was determined by alizarin red stain and alkaline phosphatase activity assay.
RESULTS: Pulp cells treated with long-term H(2)O(2) showed high reactive oxygen species formation, low cell viability, down-expression of antioxidant molecules (Cu/Zn and Mn superoxide dismutase), and odontogenic/osteogenic markers (eg, dentin sialophosphoprotein, dentin matrix protein-1, osteopontin, bone sialoprotein, Runx-2, and bone morphogenetic protein 2 and 7). In addition, pulp cells with oxidative stress underwent the activation of ERK1/2, activator protein-1, and nuclear factor-κB translocation to the nucleus. However, the PPARγ-overexpressed cells gave opposite results although under oxidative stress. Furthermore, PPARγ and its agonist rosiglitazone exhibited an induction of dentin mineralization under oxidative stress.
CONCLUSIONS: PPARγ in pulp cells increases cell viability, odontoblastic differentiation, and dentin mineralization under oxidative stress. These results offer new insights into the potential antioxidative activity of PPARγ and its agonist for therapeutic agents for pulp vitality in HDPCs.
Young-Hee Lee; Yu-Mi Kang; Mi-Ja Heo; Go-Eun Kim; Govinda Bhattarai; Nan-Hee Lee; Mi-Kyung Yu; Ho-Keun Yi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of endodontics     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1878-3554     ISO Abbreviation:  J Endod     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7511484     Medline TA:  J Endod     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  236-41     Citation Subset:  D    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Oral Biochemistry, Institute of Oral Bioscience, BK21 Program, School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea.
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