Document Detail

Survival of Bacillus anthracis spores in fruit juices and wine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20828478     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Foods have been identified as a potential target for bioterrorism due to their essential nature and global distribution. Foods produced in bulk have the potential to have large batches of product intentionally contaminated, which could affect hundreds or thousands of individuals. Bacillus anthracis spores are one potential bioterrorism agent that may survive pasteurization and remain viable throughout the shelf life of fruit juices and cause disease if consumed. This project examined B. anthracis spore survival in orange, apple, and grape juices, as well as wine. Samples of beverages were inoculated with spores of two nonpathogenic B. anthracis strains at approximately 10(6) CFU/ml, and the spore count was determined periodically during storage for 30 days at 4°C. After this time, the counts of survival spores never declined more than 1 log CFU/ml in any of the beverage types. These results indicate that spores can survive, with little to no loss in viability, for at least a month in fruit juices and wine.
Oriana N Leishman; Miranda J Johnson; Theodore P Labuza; Francisco Diez-Gonzalez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-10     Completed Date:  2010-11-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1694-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bacillus anthracis* / isolation & purification,  physiology
Beverages / microbiology*
Colony Count, Microbial
Consumer Product Safety*
Food Contamination / analysis*
Fruit / microbiology
Microbial Viability
Spores, Bacterial / growth & development*
Time Factors
Wine / microbiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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