Document Detail

Survey of pesticide residues in table grapes: determination of processing factors, intake and risk assessment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17613076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The differences in residue pattern between Italy and South Africa, the main exporters of table grapes to the Danish market, were investigated. The results showed no major differences with respect to the number of samples with residues, with residues being found in 54-78% of the samples. Exceedances of the European Union maximum residue limit (MRL) were found in five samples from Italy. A number of samples were rinsed to study the possible reduction of residues. For copper, iprodione, procymidone and dithiocarbamates a significant effect of rinsing was found (20-49% reduction of residues). However, no significant effect was found for organophosphorus pesticides and pyrethroids, whereas the number of samples with residues of benzilates, phenylamids and triazoles was insufficient to demonstrate any significant effects. An intake calculation showed that the average intake from Italian grapes was 3.9 microg day(-1) for pesticides and 21 microg day(-1) for copper. Correspondingly, the intakes from South African grapes were 2.6 and 5.7 microg day(-1), respectively. When the total exposure of pesticides from grapes were related to acceptable daily intake, expressed as the sum of Hazard Quotients, the exposure were approximately 0.5% for Italian samples and 1% for South African samples.
M E Poulsen; H K Hansen; J J Sloth; H B Christensen; J H Andersen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives and contaminants     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0265-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-06     Completed Date:  2008-01-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500474     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  886-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Food Institute, Danish Technical University, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, DK-2860 Søborg, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Food Handling / methods
Insecticides / analysis*
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Pesticide Residues / analysis*
Quality Control
Risk Assessment
South Africa
Vitis / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Insecticides; 0/Pesticide Residues

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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