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SURVEY OF HELMINTHS, ECTOPARASITES AND CHYTRID FUNGUS OF AN INTRODUCED POPULATION OF CANE TOADS, RHINELLA MARINA (ANURA: BUFONIDAE), FROM GRENADA.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24960037     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract One hundred specimens of Rhinella marina, (Anura: Bufonidae) collected in St. George's parish, Grenada, from September 2010 to August 2011, were examined for the presence of ectoparasites and helminths. Ninety-five (95%) toads were parasitized by one or more parasite species. Nine species of parasites were found: 1 digenean, 2 acanthocephalans, 4 nematodes, 1 arthropod and 1 pentastome. The endoparasites represented 98.9% of the total number of parasite specimens collected. Grenada represents a new locality record for Mesocoelium monas, Raillietiella frenatus, Pseudoacanthacephalus sp., Aplectana sp., Physocephalus sp., Acanthacephala cystacanth and Physalopteridae larvae. The digenean M. monas occurred with the highest prevalence of 82%, contrasting many studies of R. marina where nematodes dominate the parasite infracommunity. Female toads were found to have a significantly higher prevalence of Amblyomma dissimile than male toads. Only two parasites exhibited a significant difference between wet and dry season with Parapharyngodon grenadensis prevalence highest in the wet season and A. dissimile prevalence highest during the dry season. Additionally, A. dissimile was significantly more abundant during the dry season.
Authors:
Michael C Drake; Ulrike Zieger; Andrew Groszkowski; Bruce Gallardo; Patti Sages; Roslyn Reavis; Leslie Faircloth; Krystin Jacobson; Nicholas Lonce; Rhonda D Pinckney; Rebecca Ann Cole
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of parasitology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1937-2345     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Parasitol.     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803124     Medline TA:  J Parasitol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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