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A Survey of the Management of Febrile Infants in Pediatric Emergency Departments.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23023468     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether emergency departments (EDs) at pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellowship training institutions have a departmental policy regarding the evaluation and management of febrile infants and if reported policies are based on published guidelines (PGs). METHODS: A 32-item telephone survey was administered to PEM fellowship directors (FDs). Departmental demographics and criteria used to evaluate febrile infants were collected. Scenarios were presented regarding the evaluation and management of low-risk febrile infants. Reported consistency among ED attending physicians at the same institution was also assessed. RESULTS: The response rate was 83% (53 of 64). Fifty-one percent (26 of 53) of FDs reported the existence of a departmental policy regarding the evaluation of febrile infants. Of those who have a departmental policy, 19% (5 of 26) stated that it was one of the PGs. The FDs who reported the existence of a departmental policy were significantly more likely to report consistent management by all ED attending physicians in their department compared with those without a departmental policy (81% vs 19%, P < 0.05). The most frequent age and temperature cutoff for a mandatory sepsis evaluation were 28 days (45%, 28 of 53) and 100.4°F (66%, 35 of 53). The FDs reported a lack of consistency among ED attending physicians at the same institution regarding age and temperature (66% and 17% of the time, respectively). Eighty-five percent (45 of 53) of FDs reported that a new guideline is needed. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly one half of EDs at PEM fellowship training institutions are reported not to have a departmental policy regarding the management of febrile infants, and departmental policies rarely conform to any of the PGs. There is substantial interdepartmental and intradepartmental practice variability regarding the management of febrile infants and a strong consensus regarding the need for a new guideline.
Carisa Schneider; Stephen Blumberg; Ellen F Crain
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric emergency care     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1535-1815     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Emerg Care     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8507560     Medline TA:  Pediatr Emerg Care     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
From the Lewis M. Fraad Department of Pediatrics (Emergency Medicine), Jacobi Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY.
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