Document Detail

Surveillance of tick-borne encephalitis in Europe and case definition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15701940     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The study by Stefanoff et al raises two important questions concerning tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus infections. First, the lack of a generally accepted case definition and secondly the quality of national surveillance of TBE cases. Ideally, reported cases should be confirmed and the clinically relevant cases with central nervous system (CNS) disease should be separated from febrile cases without CNS manifestations. The surveillance of TBE in the European countries is not uniform and not always mandatory. Efforts to reach a final diagnosis, especially in less severe cases and in children, varies as well as the awareness of the disease in low endemic regions. The only relevant and stable basis for national surveillance is cases with established CNS disease, although immunity to TBE virus after less severe febrile illness is of interest on individual basis. The ratio of non-CNS disease to CNS disease is generally believed to be about three, but there are regional differences in virulence. Significantly, age related differences are basically unknown.
Göran Günther; Lars Lindquist
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comment; Editorial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Euro surveillance : bulletin Européen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1560-7917     ISO Abbreviation:  Euro Surveill.     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-31     Completed Date:  2006-03-29     Revised Date:  2013-05-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100887452     Medline TA:  Euro Surveill     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Disease Notification / methods*,  standards
Encephalitis, Tick-Borne / classification,  diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Europe / epidemiology
Mass Screening / methods*,  standards
Population Surveillance / methods*
Quality Assurance, Health Care / methods,  standards
Reproducibility of Results
Risk Assessment / methods,  standards
Risk Factors
Sensitivity and Specificity
Terminology as Topic*
Comment On:
Euro Surveill. 2005 Jan;10(1):23-5   [PMID:  15701936 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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