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Surprise! Infants consider possible bases of generalization for a single input example.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24703007     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Infants have been shown to generalize from a small number of input examples. However, existing studies allow two possible means of generalization. One is via a process of noting similarities shared by several examples. Alternatively, generalization may reflect an implicit desire to explain the input. The latter view suggests that generalization might occur when even a single input example is surprising, given the learner's current model of the domain. To test the possibility that infants are able to generalize based on a single example, we familiarized 9-month-olds with a single three-syllable input example that contained either one surprising feature (syllable repetition, Experiment 1) or two features (repetition and a rare syllable, Experiment 2). In both experiments, infants generalized only to new strings that maintained all of the surprising features from familiarization. This research suggests that surprise can promote very rapid generalization.
Authors:
Louann Gerken; Colin Dawson; Razanne Chatila; Josh Tenenbaum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1467-7687     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Sci     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9814574     Medline TA:  Dev Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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