Document Detail


Surgical versus conservative treatment in patients with cerebral cavernomas and non refractory epilepsy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23010167     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The optimal therapy of patients with cerebral cavernoma (CCs) and new onset epilepsy, sporadic seizures, or non well established refractory epilepsy is still not clear. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of seizures in patients with CCs both operated and non operated, in order to obtain more information on the correct management of these patients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied retrospectively 43 patients with non refractory epilepsy secondary to CCs. Twenty-six of them (60.5%) underwent surgery and made up the surgical group, and 17 patients were treated medically and constituted the medical group. Seizure frequency and other clinical variables were compared between both groups.
RESULTS: At two years, out of the 26 operated patients, 19 (73%) remained seizure free, 4 (15%) had less than a seizure per month, and one patient (4%) had more than one seizure per month. At five years, 15 patients of the surgical group remained for analysis. Of them, 11 (73.3%) were seizure free, and 4 (26.7%) had less than one seizure a month. In the medical group, 12 out of 17 patients were seizure free (70.6%). There were no significant differences between the two groups (p=0.2 and p=0.3, respectively). Seven patients had postoperative neurological sequelae.
CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of patients with non refractory epilepsy due to CCs did not significantly reduce the likelihood of seizures when compared to medical treatment. It must also be considered that surgery carries serious risks. A prospective and randomized study must be carried out to further clarify our findings.
Authors:
Santiago Fernández; Júlia Miró; Mercé Falip; Alejandro Coello; Gerard Plans; Sara Castañer; Juan José Acebes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-09-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seizure     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1532-2688     ISO Abbreviation:  Seizure     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-29     Completed Date:  2013-05-21     Revised Date:  2014-10-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9306979     Medline TA:  Seizure     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  785-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Anticonvulsants / therapeutic use
Brain Neoplasms / complications,  therapy*
Epilepsy / etiology,  therapy*
Female
Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central Nervous System / complications,  therapy*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neurosurgical Procedures
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anticonvulsants

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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