Document Detail

Surgical treatment of traumatic tricuspid insufficiency: experience in 13 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21095339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Traumatic tricuspid insufficiency (TTI) is uncommon and surgical experience is limited. We report our surgical experience with TTI in 13 patients.
METHODS: From January 2000 through March 2008, we operated on 13 patients with TTI (10 men 3 women; mean age, 39.8 ± 10.5 years). The intervals from trauma to diagnosis and from trauma to surgery averaged 37.4 and 54.4 months, respectively. At operation, the mechanism of TTI was due to anterior chordal rupture in 8, anterior papillary muscle rupture in 3, rupture of anterior papillary muscle and chordae in 1, and anterior leaflet defect in 1. In 7 patients the annulus was dilated. Valve repair was successful in 13 patients.
RESULTS: No early or late deaths occurred. Severe hemolysis occurred in 1 patient after tricuspid and mitral valve repairs. At follow-up extending to 9.5 years, 9 patients were in New York Heart Association functional class I, and 4 were in class II. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated no or trivial residual regurgitation in 7 patients, mild regurgitation in 4, and mild-to-moderate regurgitation in 2. A significant decrease of the right ventricular end-diastolic dimension (37.7 ± 9.7 vs 20.7 ± 4.6 mm; p < 0.001) was observed. The mean transvalvular gradient was 2.5 ± 0.8 mm Hg. Eleven patients were in sinus rhythm.
CONCLUSIONS: Satisfactory early and midterm outcomes can be achieved for TTI by tricuspid valve repair. Early surgical intervention should be emphasized to achieve good functional results and preserve the right ventricular function.
Wei-Guo Ma; Guo-Hua Luo; Han-Song Sun; Jian-Ping Xu; Sheng-Shou Hu; Xiao-Dong Zhu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1552-6259     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-24     Completed Date:  2011-01-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1934-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fu Wai Hospital and Cardiovascular Institute, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Surgical Procedures / methods*
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Injuries / complications,  surgery*,  ultrasonography
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Thoracic Injuries
Trauma Severity Indices
Treatment Outcome
Tricuspid Valve / injuries*,  surgery,  ultrasonography
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / etiology,  surgery*,  ultrasonography
Wounds, Nonpenetrating / complications*,  diagnosis
Young Adult

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