Document Detail

Surgical treatment of malignant mediastinal neurogenic tumors in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17306984     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to identify the role of surgical resection in the treatment of malignant mediastinal neurogenic tumors in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight consecutive children, who underwent surgical resection of a malignant mediastinal neurogenic tumor between 1986 and 2004, were included in this study. The tumor cell types were neuroblastoma in 23 patients (60.5%), ganglioneuroblastoma in 14 (36.8%), and malignant neuroepithelioma in 1 (2.6%). Surgery was performed for curative resection in localized tumors and salvage resection of residual mediastinal masses after chemotherapy in stage IV tumors. Of the 16 patients (42.1%) who underwent salvage resection, 14 had neuroblastoma and 2 ganglioneuroblastoma. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 3.4+/-3.0 years (1 month-13 years) and 26 patients (68.4%) were symptomatic at presentation. Adjacent structure invasion was found in eight patients (21.1%), invasion of chest wall in four, heart and vena cava in two, lung in one, and chest wall and lung in one. Complete gross resection was possible in 30 patients (78.9%) and there was no surgical mortality. Surgical morbidity occurred in 10 patients (26.3%) and Horner's syndrome was the most frequent complication (n=7). The 5-year survival was 95.2% for a localized tumor and 52.5% for a stage IV tumor (p=0.004). The significant risk factors of long-term survival were adjacent structure invasion (p=0.002) and a stage IV tumor (p=0.002) by multivariate Cox regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical resection of localized malignant mediastinal neurogenic tumor in children showed good long-term survival, and salvage operations after chemotherapy showed acceptable long-term survival.
Chang Hyun Kang; Young Tae Kim; Sang-Hoon Jeon; Sook-Whan Sung; Joo Hyun Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-02-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1010-7940     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2007 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-19     Completed Date:  2007-06-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  725-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cancer Research Institute, Xenotransplantation Research Center, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Ganglioneuroblastoma / mortality,  surgery
Infant, Newborn
Mediastinal Neoplasms / mortality,  surgery*
Neoplasm Invasiveness
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasm Staging
Neuroblastoma / mortality,  surgery
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral / mortality,  surgery*
Postoperative Complications
Preoperative Care / methods
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Treatment Outcome

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