Document Detail

Surgical technique for tubal ligation in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17319135     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Surgical tubal ligation was used to sterilize urban free-ranging white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) as a methodology of a larger study investigating the influences of intact, sterile females on population dynamics and behavior. Deer were either trapped in clover traps (n = 55) and induced with an i.m. injection of xylazine and tiletamine/zolazepam or induced by a similar protocol by dart (n = 12), then intubated and maintained on isoflurane in oxygen. Over 3 yr, individual female deer (n = 103) were captured in Highland Park, Illinois, with a subset of females sterilized using tubal ligation by ventral laparotomy (n = 63). Other sterilization procedures included tubal transection by ventral (n = 1) or right lateral (n = 2) laparoscopy and ovariohysterectomy by ventral laparotomy (n = 1). One mortality (1/ 67, 1.5%) of a doe with an advanced pregnancy was attributed to a lengthy right lateral laparoscopic surgery that was converted to a right lateral laparotomy. The initial surgical modality of laparoscopy was altered in favor of a ventral laparotomy for simplification of the project and improved surgical access in late-term gravid does. Laparotomy techniques included oviductal ligation and transection (n = 14), application of an oviductal mechanical clip (n = 9), ligation and partial salpingectomy (n = 40), and ovariohysterectomy (n = 1). As of 2 yr poststerilization, no surgical does were observed with fawns, indicating that these procedures provide sterilization with low mortality in urban white-tailed deer.
Robert A MacLean; Nancy E Mathews; Daniel M Grove; Elizabeth S Frank; Joanne Paul-Murphy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1042-7260     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Zoo Wildl. Med.     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-26     Completed Date:  2007-03-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8915208     Medline TA:  J Zoo Wildl Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  354-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Wildlife Ecology, 1630 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Wild / surgery
Behavior, Animal / physiology
Deer / surgery*
Laparoscopy / methods,  veterinary*
Laparotomy / methods,  veterinary*
Population Control / methods
Population Dynamics
Sterilization, Tubal / adverse effects,  methods,  veterinary*
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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