Document Detail

Surgical outcomes in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17178967     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
HYPOTHESIS: Matched patients who test positive or negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are undergoing comparable operations have similar complication rates and outcomes. DESIGN: A retrospective study of surgical outcomes in HIV-infected and matched HIV-noninfected patients. Baseline information including HIV-related laboratory results, complications, and mortality was collected from printed and electronic records through 12 postoperative months. SETTING: Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program-Northern California, an integrated health organization with more than 3 million members, including more than 5000 HIV-infected members. PATIENTS: From July 1,1997, through June 30, 2002, HIV-infected members undergoing surgical procedures were matched 1:1 with HIV-noninfected patients undergoing surgical procedures by type, location, and year of surgery as well as by sex and age. Surgical procedures studied included appendectomy, arthrotomy or arthroscopy, bowel resection, cholecystectomy, cardiothoracic procedures, hernia repair, hysterectomy, hip or knee replacement, laparoscopy or laparotomy, and mammoplasty. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Complications and mortality through 12 postoperative months, comparisons between HIV-infected and HIV-noninfected patients using matched-pair analyses, and HIV-infected cohort data were analyzed using the Fisher exact test and logistic regression. RESULTS: Of 332 HIV-infected-HIV-noninfected pairs (mean age, 46.7 years; male sex, 91%), more than 95.0% were followed up through 12 postoperative months or until their deaths. Pairs had similar comorbidities, length of hospital stay, and number of postoperative surgical visits (P>.05, all variables). Among HIV-infected patients, the median years with HIV infection was 8.4 years; median CD4 T-cell count was 379/microL; 61.5% of these patients had an HIV RNA level less than 500 copies per milliliter; and 68% were receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Various complications were no more frequent among HIV-infected than in HIV-noninfected patients (11.1% vs 10.2%; P = .79), except for pneumonia (P = .04). There were more deaths within the 12 postoperative months in HIV-infected patients (10/332 vs 2/332; P = .02); 2 patients died 30 days or less after being operated on. Among HIV-infected patients, viral load of 30 000 copies per milliliter or more was associated with increased complications (adjusted odds ratio, 2.95; P = .007), but a CD4 cell count less than 200/muL was not associated with poorer outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The HIV-infected patients had more incidences of postoperative pneumonia and higher 12-month mortality, although other operative outcomes were comparable for HIV-infected and HIV-noninfected patients. Viral suppression to fewer than 30 000 copies per milliliter reduced surgical complications.
Michael A Horberg; Leo B Hurley; Daniel B Klein; Stephen E Follansbee; Charles Quesenberry; Jason A Flamm; Gary M Green; Tye Luu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)     Volume:  141     ISSN:  0004-0010     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Surg     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-20     Completed Date:  2007-01-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9716528     Medline TA:  Arch Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1238-45     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program-Northern California, 2000 Broadway, Oakland, CA 94612, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active*
Cohort Studies
HIV Infections / drug therapy*
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Surgical Procedures, Operative*
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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