Document Detail

Surgical or nonsurgical treatment for teeth with existing root filings?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20577288     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
DATA SOURCES: Data was sought using Medline and the Cochrane Library, and relevant chapters from three major endodontic texts were consulted: Principles and Practice of Endodontics (4th Edn; editors; Torabinejad and Walton; 2008); Pathways of the Pulp (9th edition; editors, Cohen and Hargreaves; 2006), and Endodontics (6th edition; editors, Ingle, Bakland and Baumgartner; 2008). Every issue was also searched of the most recent 2 years of the following major endodontic journals: International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology along with the reference lists of identified articles. STUDY SELECTION: Articles were included from peer-reviewed journals if they were published in English, and reported clinical and/or radiographic outcome data for nonsurgical endodontic retreatment or for endodontic surgery, with followup data for a minimum of 25 teeth and a minimum 2-year mean followup period. Studies reporting outcomes based on individual roots as opposed to whole teeth, or that did not report clinical or radiographic outcomes, which were animal studies, or studies that reported histological data only, were excluded. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: When necessary, the reviewers recalculated success and failure rates when they were not directly provided in papers' tables or in the text, or when only particular data subsets met the inclusion criteria. To facilitate meta-analysis, the data were standardised according to a commonly applied classification system used to assess outcomes for nonsurgical retreatment and surgical endodontics: (1) Complete healing; (2) Incomplete healing; (3) Uncertain healing; and (4) Unsatisfactory healing (failures). When uncertainty existed regarding which of the above four categories correlated with those reported in a given article, the data were assigned to the lower healing category. For this review, success was defined as teeth categorised as showing complete healing or incomplete healing. Weighted success rates, pooled success rates, and 95% confidence interval (CI) estimates of outcomes were generated in the metaanalysis from compiled data from the included studies by using the DerSimonian-Laird random effects pooling method. RESULTS: Twenty-six endodontic surgery and eight nonsurgical retreatment articles were included. There were only four randomised controlled trials (one in the nonsurgical retreatment, and three in the endodontic surgery group). A significantly higher success rate was found for endodontic surgery at 2-4 years (77.8%) than for nonsurgical retreatment for the same followup period (70.9%; P <0.05). At 4-6 years, however, this relationship was reversed, with nonsurgical retreatment showing a higher success rate of 83.0%, compared with 71.8% for endodontic surgery (P <0.05). Insufficient numbers of articles were available to make comparisons after 6 years of followup. Endodontic surgery studies showed a statistically significant decrease in success with each increasing followup interval (P <0.05). The weighted success for 2-4 years was 77.8%, which declined at 4-6 years to 71.8% and further declined at >6 years to 62.9% (P <0.05). Conversely, the nonsurgical retreatment success rates demonstrated a statistically significant increase in weighted success at 2-4 years (70.9%) versus 4-6 years (83.0%; P <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of these results it appears that endodontic surgery offers more favourable initial success, but nonsurgical retreatment offers a more favourable long-term outcome.
Toru Naito
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comment; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Evidence-based dentistry     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1476-5446     ISO Abbreviation:  Evid Based Dent     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-25     Completed Date:  2010-07-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883603     Medline TA:  Evid Based Dent     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  54-5     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Geriatric Dentistry , Fukuoka Dental College, Tamura 2-15-1, Sawara, Fukuoka, Japan.
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Comment On:
J Endod. 2009 Jul;35(7):930-7   [PMID:  19567310 ]

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