Document Detail

Surgical management and outcomes of patients with duodenal Crohn's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18589359     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Duodenal Crohn's disease (DCD) has been reported to occur in 0.5% to 4% of patients with Crohn's disease. When patients fail to respond to conservative therapy or severe narrowing of the duodenum develops, operation is required. The recent literature is limited in description of surgical treatment of such patients. We reviewed our experience with surgical management and outcomes in patients with DCD, including outcomes of laparoscopic bypass procedures. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review was undertaken of all patients who underwent surgical intervention for DCD between 1995 and 2006. Data collected included demographics, clinical presentation, operative and hospital course, and postoperative followup. RESULTS: Thirty patients had surgical intervention for DCD during the selected period. Four patients had duodenoenteric fistulas, resulting from complications of their disease in the distal gastrointestinal tract. Operations done for intrinsic DCD were: open bypass (n = 11), laparoscopic bypass (n = 13), and stricturoplasty (n = 2). Only one vagotomy was done. Mean followup was 58 months (range 6 to 144 months). Patients resumed oral diet 3.0 days after laparoscopic bypass, with mean discharge of 6.9 days, as compared with 4.4 days and 12.2 days after open bypass, respectively. In the early postoperative period (0 to 30 days), six major complications (n=5, 19%): persistent obstruction, anastomotic leak, small bowel obstruction, anastomotic bleeding (two patients), and respiratory failure, developed in four patients in the open (36%) and one patient in the laparoscopic (8%) bypass group. There were two more complications during longterm followup, for an overall major morbidity rate of 27%. Two patients experienced recurrence requiring revision (one in the open group and one in the laparoscopic group). Gastroduodenal ulcers requiring operation did not develop in any of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: Surgery is a viable and safe option for patients with intractable duodenal Crohn's disease. The laparoscopic approach during a bypass procedure, as opposed to an open bypass, may result in faster recovery, less morbidity, and comparable recurrence rate. There is no role for vagotomy in bypass procedures.
Mark Shapiro; Alexander J Greenstein; John Byrn; Jacqueline Corona; Adrian J Greenstein; Barry Salky; Michael T Harris; Celia M Divino
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-04-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Surgeons     Volume:  207     ISSN:  1879-1190     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Surg.     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-30     Completed Date:  2008-07-22     Revised Date:  2009-05-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9431305     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  36-42     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Surgery, The Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anastomosis, Surgical
Crohn Disease / surgery*
Duodenal Diseases / surgery*
Duodenum / surgery
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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