Document Detail


Surgical management of congenital heart defects associated with heterotaxy syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20451403     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Heterotaxy syndrome (HS) is generally associated with complex congenital cardiac defects and has a high morbidity and mortality despite recent surgical progress. Only few reports deal with an overall surgical population.
METHODS: Between 1989 and 2008, 139 patients with HS entered a programme of surgical repair. Fifty-one patients were suitable for univentricular heart repair (UVR) and 88 for biventricular repair (BVR). Among those tracked for UVR, two were switched to BVR and 11 from BVR to UVR. Median age at first surgery was 4.4 months (range: 3 days to 43 years] of whom 34 were neonates. The mean number of surgical procedure per patient was 1.99. Primary BVR was performed in 37 patients. Re-operation was required in 22 patients, 15 after BVR and seven after UVR (p>0.05).
RESULTS: The overall mortality was 20.8%. It was 7.2% after the first surgery, 6.6% after the second and 11.5% after the third. The overall mortality in patients with univentricular physiology was 25.5% and 18.2% in the biventricular group (p<0.05). According to the surgical track, in the UVR group, mortality was 18% and 15.6% in the BVR group (p=NS). This rate was 40% in patients with long-lasting palliation (p<0.05 vs both other groups). Median follow-up was 127 months (range: 1 month to 19 years). The overall survival rate at 15 years was 70.6%. When considering ventricular anatomy, survival rates at 15 years were 69% for the univentricular group and 74.2% for the biventricular group (p>0.05). According to the type of surgical approach, at 15 years they were 85.1% for UVR and 77% for BVR (p=NS). For the palliation group, it was 15% only at 15 years (p<0.05 vs both other groups). Risk factors for overall mortality were neonatal surgery, long-standing palliation, total anomalous pulmonary vein return (TAPVR) and right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO). At the last visit, all survivors were in the New York Heart Association (NYHA) class I to II and only two presented with supraventricular arrhythmias.
CONCLUSIONS: HS remains a difficult situation with high morbidity and mortality. An aggressive approach to repair TAPVR when present should be considered. Early decision to track the patient in either uni- or biventricular repair programme should avoid long-lasting deleterious palliation.
Authors:
Alain Serraf; Nawel Bensari; Lucile Houyel; André Capderou; Régine Roussin; Emmanuel Lebret; Mohamed Ly; Emré Belli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-05-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-24     Completed Date:  2011-07-28     Revised Date:  2011-08-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  721-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Congenital Heart Defects, Marie Lannelongue Hospital, 133 avenue de la Résistance, 92350 Le Plessis-Robinson, France. aserraf@ccml.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abnormalities, Multiple / surgery*
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child, Preschool
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Heart Defects, Congenital / surgery*
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Palliative Care / methods
Prognosis
Reoperation / methods
Situs Inversus / surgery*
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2011 Aug;40(2):532   [PMID:  21334916 ]

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