Document Detail

Surgical embolectomy in acute massive pulmonary embolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17387199     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Acute pulmonary embolism is a serious condition and despite diagnostic and therapeutic advances, mortality is still high. Anticoagulation, thrombolytic therapy, catheter embolectomy, and open pulmonary embolectomy are therapeutic options. Surgical embolectomy was considered the management of last resort, but recent studies show the effectiveness of this therapeutic modality. We reviewed our 7-year experience of pulmonary embolectomy in patients with acute massive pulmonary embolism from 1997 to 2004. Eleven patients underwent open embolectomy, 7 (64%) were male, and the mean age was 45.6 years. Pulmonary embolism occurred after major surgery in 5 patients (46%), 2 were diagnosed with malignancy and spinal cord injury, and no risk factors were detected in 4. The diagnosis was made by spiral computed tomography alone in 4 patients, and by angiography in 7. Cardiac arrest occurred in 3 patients preoperatively; 2 of them survived. Open pulmonary embolectomy is the most effective treatment for acute massive pulmonary embolism. Cardiac arrest is the worst prognostic factor. Less aggressive clot evacuation in patients who are diagnosed late appears to be effective in minimizing postoperative hemoptysis.
Ahmad A Amirghofran; Abbas Emami Nia; Ramin Javan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1816-5370     ISO Abbreviation:  Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann     Publication Date:  2007 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-27     Completed Date:  2008-04-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503417     Medline TA:  Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann     Country:  Singapore    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  149-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Faghihi Hospital, Shiraz, Iran.
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MeSH Terms
Embolectomy / methods,  mortality
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Embolism / surgery*
Treatment Outcome

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