Document Detail


Surgical decompression of anterior and posterior malignant epidural tumors compressing the spinal cord: a prospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4047353     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Of 167 episodes of spinal epidural neoplastic compression, 86 were treated by operation. The surgical approach was prospectively selected according to the location of the tumor in the spinal canal. Decompression was achieved by 61 vertebral body resections (VBRs) and by 25 laminectomies. The indications for operation were: neurological relapse after previous radiotherapy, the need to make a tissue diagnosis, a radioresistant tumor, and neurological deterioration during radiotherapy. Before VBR, 28% (17 of 61) were still able to walk, 51% (31 of 61) were parAparetic, and 21% (13 of 61) were paraplegic. Bowel and bladder dysfunction was present in 49% (30 of 61). After VBR, the outcome of only 57 procedures was available for evaluation because of the postoperative death of 4 patients. Eighty per cent (46 of 57) were able to walk, 18% (10 of 57) were paraparetic, and 2% (1 of 57) were paraplegic. Ninety-three per cent had normal sphincter control. Before laminectomy, 8% (2 of 25) were ambulatory, 84% (21 of 25) were paraparetic, and 8% (2 of 25) were paraplegic. Bowel and bladder dysfunction was present in 76% (19 of 25). After laminectomy, only 23 procedures were evaluated because of the postoperative death of 2 patients. Thirty-nine per cent (9 of 23) were ambulatory, 35% (8 of 23) were paraparetic, and 26% (6 of 23) were paraplegic. Fifty-seven per cent regained normal sphincter control. The operative mortality was 7% (4 of 61) in VBR and 8% (2 of 25) in laminectomy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
T Siegal; T Siegal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurosurgery     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0148-396X     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosurgery     Publication Date:  1985 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-11-06     Completed Date:  1985-11-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802914     Medline TA:  Neurosurgery     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  424-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cauda Equina / surgery*
Combined Modality Therapy
Epidural Space
Female
Humans
Laminectomy
Male
Middle Aged
Myelography
Nerve Compression Syndromes / surgery*
Prostheses and Implants
Spinal Cord Compression / surgery*
Spinal Neoplasms / secondary*,  surgery
Spine / surgery
Surgical Instruments

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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