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Surgery for acute type A aortic dissection in octogenarians is justified.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23267524     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Surgery in octogenarians with acute type A aortic dissection is commonly avoided or denied because of the high surgical morbidity and mortality reported in elderly patients. We sought to compare clinical and quality of life outcomes between octogenarians and those aged less than 80 years who underwent surgical repair at New York Medical College. METHODS: A total of 101 cases of acute type A aortic dissection repair between July 2005 and December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed, comparing 21 octogenarians with 80 concurrent patients aged less than 80 years. All patients underwent corrective surgery (ascending/hemiarch replacement in 71; Bentall in 22; David procedure in 2; Wheat procedure in 4; total arch replacement in 2) using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. During follow-up, the RAND 36-Item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire was used to assess quality of life. RESULTS: Octogenarians (average, 85 years; range, 80-91 years) were compared with the younger group (average, 60 years; range, 30-79 years). The 2 groups had similar preoperative characteristics, but the younger group experienced more malperfusion (40% vs 9%, P = .002), were more likely to have undergone a Bentall procedure (26% vs 5%, P = .04), and had longer circulatory arrest times (20 ± 7 minutes vs 16 ± 9 minutes, P = .03). The overall hospital mortality was 9% (9/101). Among octogenarians, there were no hospital deaths, no late deaths during follow-up (mean, 17 months; range, 1-59 months), and emotional health scores were better than those of the younger patients (P = .04). CONCLUSIONS: Surgery for acute type A aortic dissection should be offered to octogenarians because excellent surgical and quality of life outcomes can be achieved even in this elderly population.
Authors:
Gilbert H L Tang; Ramin Malekan; Cindy J Yu; Masashi Kai; Steven L Lansman; David Spielvogel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  EDITORIAL     Date:  2012-12-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery, New York Medical College, Westchester Medical Center, Valhalla, NY.
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