Document Detail


Surfactant protein-A deficiency in a primate model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7767549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pathophysiologic and biochemical (surfactant protein and phospholipid) features were studied in a baboon model of hyperoxia-induced bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and superimposed infection. A total of 20 baboons were delivered by hysterotomy at 76% of gestation (140 d of gestational age) and were randomized into four groups, consisting of two control and two injury groups. Animals constituting a group that was managed on a pro re nata (PRN) basis were ventilated with clinically appropriate oxygen for the 16-d experimental period and served as ventilatory controls. They underwent an initial period of 42 h during which they demonstrated evidence of hyaline membrane disease (HMD), but began recovery at 42 h and by Day 6 appeared to have maximally recovered. At the time of these animals' killing, concentrations of surfactant proteins, messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNAs), and phospholipids were similar to those of normal adult baboons. Gestational control animals were delivered and killed without ventilation at 156 d gestational age. Surfactant protein-A (SP-A) and phospholipid concentrations in these animals' lavage fluids were about 10% of those in the PRN animals. Animals with BPD were subjected to positive-pressure ventilation and an FIO2 of 1.0 for 11 d, followed by 5 d of an FIO2 sufficient to maintain PaO2 at 40 to 50 mm Hg. The animals with BPD and infection were treated in the same way as the BPD group, except that 10(8) Escherichia coli were instilled intratracheally on Day 11, concomitantly with the reduction in FIO2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
R J King; J J Coalson; R A deLemos; D R Gerstmann; S R Seidner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine     Volume:  151     ISSN:  1073-449X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  1995 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-06-30     Completed Date:  1995-06-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9421642     Medline TA:  Am J Respir Crit Care Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1989-97     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio 78284-7756, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blotting, Northern
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / chemistry
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia / metabolism*,  microbiology,  physiopathology
Escherichia coli Infections / metabolism*
Female
Glycoproteins / metabolism*
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Male
Papio
Phospholipids / metabolism
Proteolipids / metabolism*
Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein A
Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Proteins
Pulmonary Surfactants / deficiency,  metabolism*
RNA, Messenger / analysis
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL36636/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL40986/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Glycoproteins; 0/Phospholipids; 0/Proteolipids; 0/Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein A; 0/Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Proteins; 0/Pulmonary Surfactants; 0/RNA, Messenger

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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