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Surface-modified silicone foils for intraocular implantation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22354368     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Implantation of silicone materials like iris diaphragms into the eye can be complicated by cell migration and attachment. We studied polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) foils coated with isocyanate terminated, star-shaped poly(ethylene glycol-stat-propylene glycol) (NCO-sP(EO-stat-PO)) equipped with heparin towards the inhibition of cell attachment without influencing cell viability. METHODS: Mouse fibroblasts L929 were cultured and seeded onto sterilized pieces of either uncoated NCO-sP(EO-stat-PO) or heparin-NCO-sP(EO-stat-PO) loaded foils. Polyvinylchloride (PVC) foils served as the positive control and biomembranes as the negative control. The cultured cells were examined after 24 h for cell viability and adhesion by fluorescence microscopy; morphological cell changes were documented after hemalaun staining. Cell density was measured and quantification of cell proliferation was assessed by a BrdU test; quantification of cell activity was analyzed by a WST-1 test. RESULTS: The fibroblasts' cell viability was excellent on all tested foils except the toxic PVC foil. NCO-sP(EO-stat-PO) coating provided significantly reduced cell activity. On heparin-loaded coatings, cells were viable and less dense but showed almost the same cell proliferation and cell activity as on the negative control. NCO-sP(EO-stat-PO) coated, heparin loaded foils proved high biocompatibility and reduced cell adhesion. CONCLUSIONS: Both NCO-sP(EO-stat-PO)-coated foils with and without heparin seemed to be a viable implantation material for less cell migration, attachment, and reduced implant complications. Conclusive we give a recommendation for further studies on the intraocular implantation in particular for the NCO-sP(EO-stat-PO)-coated foils.
Authors:
Sarah Fischer; Dörthe Carstesen; Doris Klee; Peter Walter; Andreas W A Weinberger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-702X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8205248     Medline TA:  Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Ophthalmology, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstraße 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany, sarah__fischer@web.de.
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