Document Detail


Surface modification of POSS-nanocomposite biomaterials using reactive oxygen plasma treatment for cardiovascular surgical implant applications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21679238     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this study, central composite design (CCD) was used to develop predictive models to optimize operating conditions of plasma surface modification. It was concluded that out of the two process variables, power and duration of plasma exposure, the latter was significantly affecting the surface energy (γ(s) ), chemistry, and topography of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane-poly(carbonate-urea)urethane (POSS-PCU) films. On the basis of experimental data, CCD was used to model the γ(s) using a quadratic modeling of the process variables to achieve optimum surface energy to improve the interaction between endothelial cells (ECs). It was found that optimal water θ for EC adhesion and retention, which was reported 55° from supporting literature (equivalent to γ(s) = 51 mN/m), was easily achievable using the following experimental conditions: (1) power output at 30 W for 75 Sec, (2) 90 W for 40 Sec, and (3) 90 W for 55 Sec in oxygen. In vitro cell culture and metabolic activity studies on optimized films [as in (1)] demonstrate increased adhesion, coverage, and growth of human umbilical vein endothelial cells that were confluent over a shorter time period (<24 H) than controls. Such materials enhanced the EC response and promoted endothelialization on optimized films, thus demonstrating their use as bypass graft materials.
Authors:
Atefeh Solouk; Brian G Cousins; Hamid Mirzadeh; Mehran Solati-Hashtjin; Siamak Najarian; Alexander M Seifalian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-06-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biotechnology and applied biochemistry     Volume:  58     ISSN:  1470-8744     ISO Abbreviation:  Biotechnol. Appl. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8609465     Medline TA:  Biotechnol Appl Biochem     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  147-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Affiliation:
Centre for Nanotechnology and Regenerative Medicine, Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London (UCL), London, UK; Biomedical Engineering Faculty, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Tehran, Iran.
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