Document Detail

Surface Roughness of Stainless Steel Influences Attachment and Detachment of Escherichia coli O157.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21819667     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Determining the influence of surface roughness on Escherichia coli O157 attachment to and detachment from stainless steel (SS) is important for controlling this foodborne pathogen. The aim of this study was to evaluate the interactions of six E. coli strains (four O157:H7, one O157:H12, and one O1:H7) with SS type 304 finishes of various surface roughness: 2B (unpolished surface), 4 (common food grade SS), and 8 (polished smooth surface). In attachment assays (exposure to cell suspensions with periodic swirling), bacteria were enumerated by epifluorescence microscopy, and in detachment assays a blotting technique and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used. Attachment data suggest that E. coli attach in greater numbers to significantly smoother SS8; however, detachment assays and AFM data suggest cells are more easily removed from this finish. Conversely, attachment to SS2B was lower, and AFM data suggest that E. coli O157 may adhere more strongly to this finish. Attachment and detachment data for SS4 was variable, suggesting complex attachment mechanisms to this type of SS. SS4 is the most common material used in food processing facilities. The data from this study indicate that bacterial interactions with SS4 are complex and less easily predicted than those with SS of other finishes, including 2B and 8. These differences in bacterial attachment may be of concern to the food industry and warrant further investigation.
Rebecca M Goulter-Thorsen; Elena Taran; Ian R Gentle; Kari S Gobius; Gary A Dykes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1944-9097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1359-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Food and Nutritional Sciences, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, 39 Kessels Road, Cooper Plains, Queensland 4108; Australia, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia.
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