Document Detail

Suprarenal or supraceliac aortic clamping during repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11777150     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Suprarenal or supraceliac aortic clamping during repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms can be complicated by renal, hepatic, and intestinal ischemia. To determine whether suprarenal or supraceliac clamping increases morbidity and mortality we retrospectively reviewed our recent nonrandomized experience. Between January 1993 and December 1998, 716 patients underwent elective (n=682) or urgent (n=34) infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Infrarenal clamping was used in 516 (72. 1 %) and suprarenal or supraceliac clamping in 200 (279%). The suprarenal/supraceliac group had significantly more older patients (> or = 70 years of age) (65.5% vs 477%) and a higher incidence of preoperative renal insufficiency (75% vs 5.5%). Suprarenal or supraceliac clamping was used during repair of ruptured (n=25), juxtarenal (n=7), or inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (n=4); during concomitant renal or visceral revascularization (n=43); in other difficult settings (n=13); or at the surgeon's discretion (n=108). The decision for such clamping was always made during surgery In treating ruptured aneurysms, suprarenal/supraceliac clamping (25/200) was used more often than infrarenal clamping (9/516) (12.5% vs 1.74%). Operative times were similar in both groups, but transfusion requirements and length of hospital stay were slightly greater in the suprarenal/supraceliac group. Perioperative mortality was 3.1% overall, but higher in the suprarenal/ supraceliac group than in the infrarenal (75% vs 1.4%). Postoperative complications developed in 26 (13%) of patients who underwent suprarenal/supraceliac clamping. Abdominal re-exploration was required in 9 other patients. We conclude that, despite associated comorbidities, elective suprarenal/supraceliac clamping during infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is safe, facilitates repair, and does not significantly increase mortality.
R A El-Sabrout; G J Reul
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0730-2347     ISO Abbreviation:  Tex Heart Inst J     Publication Date:  2001  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-04     Completed Date:  2002-03-13     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8214622     Medline TA:  Tex Heart Inst J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  254-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Texas Heart Institute at St Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston 77030, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / mortality*,  surgery
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications / mortality*
Retrospective Studies

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