Document Detail

Support of the myocardium with intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation following cardiopulmonary bypass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1084446     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) was instituted in 27 patients in cardiogenic shock who had undergone cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Patients who required IABC either prior to CPB or else to be weaned from CPB had a survival rate of 22 per cent (2/9). In contrast, the survival rate for those patients requiring IABC after CPB had been discontinued was 72 per cent (13/18). The composition of these two groups was different. The first group contained primarily patients with either severe coronary artery disease or aortic valve stenosis, whereas the latter group contained patients with either less severe coronary artery disease or mitral valve disease. Most patients had an initial satisfactory response to IABC. The over-all survival rate was 55 per cent (15/27). IABC was particularly beneficial for those patients in cardiogenic shock following CPB who had not had massive and irreveraible myocardial injury.
S Stewart; T Biddle; J DeWeese
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0022-5223     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  1976 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-09-01     Completed Date:  1976-09-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  109-14     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Valve / surgery
Assisted Circulation / methods*
Cardiac Output
Cardiopulmonary Bypass*
Coronary Artery Bypass / mortality
Extracorporeal Circulation*
Heart Aneurysm / surgery
Heart Valve Diseases / surgery
Heart Valve Prosthesis
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve / surgery
Myocardial Contraction*
New York
Postoperative Care / methods
Postoperative Complications / mortality
Preoperative Care / methods
Shock, Cardiogenic / therapy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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