Document Detail

Support during pregnancy for women at increased risk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10796178     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Studies consistently show a relationship between social disadvantage and low birthweight.
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the effects of programs offering additional social support for pregnant women who are believed to be at risk for giving birth to preterm or low birthweight babies.
SEARCH STRATEGY: The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched. Date of last search: April 1999.
SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised trials of additional support during at-risk pregnancy by either a professional (social worker, midwife, or nurse) or specially trained lay person, compared to routine care. Additional support was defined as some form of emotional support (eg counselling, reassurance, sympathetic listening) and information/advice, either in home visits or during clinic appointments, and could include tangible assistance (eg transportation to clinic appointments, assistance with the care of other children at home).
DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: One reviewer assessed trial quality and extracted data. Study authors were contacted for additional information.
MAIN RESULTS: Fourteen trials, involving over 11,000 women, were included. The trials were generally of good to excellent quality, although three used a method likely to introduce bias. Programs offering additional social support for at risk pregnant women were not associated with improvements in any medical outcomes for the index pregnancy. Some improvements in immediate psychosocial outcomes were found in individual trials.
REVIEWER'S CONCLUSIONS: Programs which offer additional support during pregnancy have not been shown to reduce the numbers of low birthweight or preterm babies or improve other important medical outcomes for mothers and babies.
E D Hodnett
Related Documents :
20841258 - An evaluation of an urban health department's prenatal education program.
11987878 - Exercise in pregnancy.
19062238 - Self-testing for pregnancy among women at risk: a randomized controlled trial.
16257138 - Prospective multicenter observational study of 260 infants born to 259 opiate-dependent...
2049468 - Heterozygous pyruvate kinase deficiency and severe hemolytic anemia in a pregnant woman...
17694578 - Treatment with amniopatch of premature rupture of membranes after first-trimester chori...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Cochrane database of systematic reviews     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-493X     ISO Abbreviation:  Cochrane Database Syst Rev     Publication Date:  2000  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-06     Completed Date:  2000-07-06     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100909747     Medline TA:  Cochrane Database Syst Rev     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  CD000198     Citation Subset:  IM    
Maternal, Infant and Reproductive Health Research Unit, 790 Bay Street, Sute 715, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1N8.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Pregnancy Outcome
Pregnancy, High-Risk*
Social Support*
Update In:
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(3):CD000198   [PMID:  12917888 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Single versus two layer suturing for closing the uterine incision at caesarean section.
Next Document:  Caregiver support for women during childbirth.