Document Detail


Superiority of the University of Wisconsin solution over simple crystalloid for extended heart preservation. A study of left ventricular pressure-volume relationship.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1569779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To compare the effects of the University of Wisconsin solution with those of an extracellular crystalloid solution, Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate, as cardiac preservation media, we studied 35 adult dogs in an isolated heart preparation. Four groups of seven hearts were preserved in University of Wisconsin solution for 6 or 12 hours or in Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate solution for 6 or 12 hours. An additional group of seven hearts with no ischemia was used for a control group. In the four preservation groups, hearts were arrested by electrolyte solution (Normosol with potassium chloride, 20 mEq/L, added, 4 degrees C), flushed with 200 ml of the preservation solution, and then stored in the same solution at 1 degree to 2 degrees C. The hearts were mounted on an isolated heart preparation equipped with a computer-controlled servo-pump system that used a mock arterial system to modulate the aortic input impedance presented to the left ventricle. Left ventricular pressure-volume loops were measured on-line for 2 hours of reperfusion with autologous warm oxygenated blood. Elastance was derived from the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship, and diastolic compliance was derived from the end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship. The total left ventricular performance was assessed by the preload recruitable stroke work area, the slope, and its x-intercept, all of which derived from the stroke work (pressure-volume area)-end-diastolic volume relationship. Extended global ischemia had more deleterious effects on the end-diastolic than the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship. In confirmation with other studies, elastance did not accurately reflect the level of ventricular contractile dysfunction because of the significant amount of diastolic dysfunction. The preservation of myocardial systolic and diastolic functions, as demonstrated by the preload recruitable stroke work area and diastolic compliance, was better in the University of Wisconsin solution groups than in the Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate solution groups after 6 and 12 hours of preservation. In addition, 6 hours of preservation with University of Wisconsin solution maintained normal systolic and diastolic functions as compared with those of the control group. Preservation with University of Wisconsin solution prevented any myocardial edema formation; by contrast, this was significantly increased after 12 hours in Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate solution. Groups preserved with University of Wisconsin solution had less reperfusion injury as evidenced by the release of coronary sinus creatine kinase during reperfusion; they also had improved oxygen use during reperfusion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Authors:
W Ko; J A Zelano; R Lazzaro; W D Lazenby; T Hamilton; O W Isom; K H Krieger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0022-5223     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  1992 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-05-28     Completed Date:  1992-05-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  980-92     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Cardiothoracic Surgery Research Laboratory, New York Hospital-Cornell University Medical College, N.Y. 10021.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adenosine
Allopurinol
Animals
Cardioplegic Solutions / pharmacology*
Creatine Kinase / metabolism
Dogs
Glutathione
Heart Transplantation / physiology*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Insulin
Isotonic Solutions / pharmacology*
Myocardial Contraction / physiology
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / prevention & control*
Myocardium / metabolism
Organ Preservation*
Organ Preservation Solutions*
Raffinose
Solutions / pharmacology*
Time Factors
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cardioplegic Solutions; 0/Isotonic Solutions; 0/Krebs-Ringer solution; 0/Organ Preservation Solutions; 0/Solutions; 0/University of Wisconsin-lactobionate solution; 11061-68-0/Insulin; 315-30-0/Allopurinol; 512-69-6/Raffinose; 58-61-7/Adenosine; 70-18-8/Glutathione; EC 2.7.3.2/Creatine Kinase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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