Document Detail


Superior performance of blind compared with sighted individuals on bimanual estimations of object size.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15660845     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Five preliminary experiments on sighted individuals revealed marked overestimation on an object size-estimation task using a bimanual response. These experiments ruled out the possibility that overestimation was due to the mode of visual presentation (whether two-dimensional or three-dimensional), the input modality (visual or kinesthetic), or the influence of other visual cues. The main experiment then investigated whether these distortions are due to visual experience by using a variant of the same task to test 24 blind and 24 sighted control participants. Remarkably, the sighted control participants overestimated object size, on average, but the blind participants did not. A follow-up experiment demonstrated that visual memory was the primary influence causing the size over-estimations. We conclude that blind individuals are more accurate than sighted individuals in representing the size of familiar objects because they rely on manual representations, which are less influenced by visual experience than are visual memory representations.
Authors:
Melissa Smith; Elizabeth A Franz; Susan M Joy; Kirsty Whitehead
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological science     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0956-7976     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Sci     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-21     Completed Date:  2005-03-24     Revised Date:  2011-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007542     Medline TA:  Psychol Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Blindness*
Hand / physiology*
Humans
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
Size Perception*
Visual Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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